Table of Contents
   List of Illustrationsp. ix
   Prefacep. xiii
   Middle Passages, Middlemen: Europe, Africa, America, and the Slave Tradep. 3
   Many Thousands Born: The Roots of African Americap. 53
   Slaves and Citizens: African America in the Age of Revolutionp. 89
   "A New Birth of Freedom": The Destruction of Slavery and Reconstruction of Black Lifep. 133
   Regtime: Race and Nation at the Dawn of the Twentieth Centuryp. 185
   "A Second Emancipation": The Great Migrations of the Twentieth Centuryp. 237
   "A Second Reconstruction": The Freedom Movementp. 285
   Citizens of the Nation, Citizens of the World: African America in the Twenty-first Centuryp. 331
   Notesp. 365
   Acknowledgmentsp. 417
   Indexp. 421