Table of Contents
   Acknowledgments
   Prologue
   Ladinos, Gelofes and Mandingas
   Caribbean crescent
   Brazilian sambas
   Muslims in New York
   Founding mothers and fathers of a different sort: African Muslims in the Early North American South; Interlude
      In a Glass darkly - elisive communities
   Breaking away - noble Drew Ali and the foundations of contemporary Islam in African America
   The nation
   Malcolm
   Epilogue