Summary

Stretching from the years during World War II when young couples jitterbugged across the dance floor at the Zenda Ballroom, through the early 1950s when honking tenor saxophones could be heard at the Angelus Hall, to the Spanish-language cosmopolitanism of the late 1950s and early 1960s,Mexican American Mojois a lively account of Mexican American urban culture in wartime and post-war Los Angeles as seen through the evolution of dance styles, nightlife, and, above all, popular music. Revealing the links between a vibrant Chicano music culture and post-war social and geographic mobility, Anthony Macías shows how by participating in jazz, the zoot-suit phenomenon, car culture, rhythm and blues, rock and roll, and Latin music, Mexican Americans not only rejected second-class citizenship and demeaning stereotypes, but also transformed Los Angeles. Macías conducted numerous interviews forMexican American Mojo, and the voices of unsung artists and unknown fans fill its pages. In addition, well-known musicians such as Ritchie Valens and Lalo Guerrero are considered anew in relation to their contemporaries and the city. Macías examines language, fashion, and subcultures to trace the history of hip and cool in Los Angeles as well as the Chicano influence on urban culture. He argues that a grass-roots "multicultural urban civility" which challenged the attempted containment of Mexican Americans and African Americans emerged in the neighbourhoods, schools, nightclubs, dance halls, and auditoriums of mid-twentieth-century Los Angeles. So take a little trip with Macías, via streetcar or freeway, to a time when Los Angeles had advanced public high-school music programs, segregated musicians' union locals, a highbrow municipal Bureau of Music, independent R&B labels, and robust rock and roll and Latin music scenes.