• Photographs, illustrations, and a map accompany the text

• A chronology of major events in black migration

• A bibliography identifies letters, interviews, and autobiographies as source material

Between 1865 and 1965, more than nine million African Americans left the South for other regions of the Unite States. In the last 40 years, more than 1.3 million African and nearly 500,000 migrants from the Caribbean have come to the United States. While the experiences of black migrants and immigrants have differed, their movements have been similarly motivate by the desire for greater social, political, and cultural freedom.